As a parent to three I have seen a fair few childhood illnesses in my children. They seem to catch everything and anything and so here is a list of how to spot the most common ones.
1) Chicken Pox
Chicken pox is very common. Child may have a fever and small fluid filled spots that look like blisters. Infectious from up to two days before spots appear to six days after and is spread by an infected person coughing or sneezing or by touching fluid filled blisters. It is recommended a child stays off school until blisters have crusted over or cleared. Generally a mild infection.
Aches, tiredness, red face(slapped cheeks) appears, rash may spread to body
most contagious before rash appears and spread by contact with the nose and throat secretions of an infected person
Can be dangerous for pregnant women
3)German Measles (rubella)
mild fever, swollen glands, runny nose, rash
contagious 7 days before til 7 days after the rash appears and spread by an infected person coughing or sneezing.By contact with the nose and throat secretions of an infected person.The virus can pass from an infected pregnant woman to her unborn baby.
children should remain off school until at least a week after the rash appears.
4)Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
Fever,sore throat, sores in mouth, gums, tongue , palms and soles of feet.
contagious while symptoms are present (However, the virus can continue to shed in the stool for weeks. Spread by By contact with the nose and throat secretions and/or faeces (stool/bowel movement) of an infected person
Pus filled pimples that crust over , usually on face but can appear elsewhere on body.
contagious From onset of skin infection until 24 hours after a specific antibiotic has been started. Spread by person to person through direct contact with secretions from the sores of an infected person. Should be kept of school for 24 hours after treatment started.
High fever, Runny nose, Cough, Inflamed eyesSmall red spots with bluish-white centers inside the mouth After about 4 days, a bright, red, raised blotchy rash appears.
contagious From 4 days before onset of symptoms until 4 days after the rash appears and spread By an infected person coughing or sneezing.By contact with the nose or throat secretions of an infected person
Fever and Swollen salivary glands (below the ears)
contagious from 7 days before until 9 days after the swelling appears and spread by an infected person coughing or sneezing, By contact with the nose or throat secretions of an infected person
exclude from school for 9 days after swelling appears.
8)Pink Eye (conjunctivitis)
Scratchy, painful eye(s) and tearing with pusWhites of the eyes turn pink or redAfter sleep, eyelids are often stuck together from the pus.
contagious For duration of illness or until 24 hours after antibiotic treatment has been started and spread By contact with the eye pus of an infected personBy contact with the nose or throat secretions of an infected person
Very itchy rash (mites burrow under the skin and deposit eggs & faeces/poop in black-red bumps) In children over 2 years, the rash is usually on fingers, elbows, armpits and tummy.
contagious until the eggs and mites are killed and spread via touching someone who has scabies.By sharing clothing or bedding of someone who has scabies.By using other personal items of someone who has scabies
Sore red throat, Fever, Tiredness, Headache. Sores around the mouth, swollen tender glands in the neck .Stomach ache in children.
contagious Until full 24 hours after a specific antibiotic treatment has been started. If infected person is untreated, infectious period is 10-21 day . Spread via an infected person sneezing or coughing.
Sore throat,Fever,Chills, VomitingHeadache, Pink- red rash that feels like sandpaper that starts on the upper body and may spread to cover the whole body , strawberry tongue
contagious Until full 24 hours after a specific antibiotic treatment has been started, spread via an infected person sneezing or coughing
12) Whooping cough
Severe coughing spells followed by a high-pitched whoop and often vomiting.
contagious From 2 weeks before and up to 3 weeks after the onset of cough (if untreated), OR until 5 days after treatment with a specific antibiotic and spread via an infected person sneezing or coughing